Types of marijuana: all the plants of marijuana and even the hemp are Cannabis sativa, it is a single specie but we can find several families and subspecies. The three types that most interest the grower are índica, sativa and rudelaris.

The different types of marijuana that exist today.

The different types of marijuana that exist today.

Types of cannabis: Different subspecies.

Each of these subspecies has different growth patterns, smell, taste and effects. When choosing a type of marijuana, it is very useful to know which family it belongs to ensure that it suits our preferences.

Types of marijuana

Types of marijuana
SativaOriginating in the equatorial zones of the planet
IndicaNative to India and Pakistan
RudelarisNative to Siberia, some parts of northern USA and Canada

The Sativa subspecies is a family native to the equatorial zones of the planet, specifically America, Asia and Africa, where the climate is warmer.

1- Cannabis sativa, ssp Sativa.

These plants, although different from each other, have similar characteristics: they are plants of great height, with great internodal distance and long branches with large leaves of narrow leaflets. They are plants that can reach a large size and have a very fast growth, so they are not very practical in an indoor cultivation but provide a high yield outdoors, where they can reach 3 meters easily.

type of sativa variety marijuana

type of sativa variety marijuana

The buds of the sativa varieties are usually less compact than those of the índica strains, which makes them more resistant to mold and rot because it allows air to circulate between them.

They have a longer flowering cycle than the índica varieties (flowering in about 10-15 weeks).

The effect of these strains is rapid and energetic thanks to their high THC index, commonly known as “high”.

The flavors of the sativa varieties are very different: they can range from incense to spicy or spicy.

2- Cannabis sativa, ssp Índica

The índica varieties are native to India and Pakistan. These types of cannabis are highly prized by both indoor growers and breeders as they are medium or low-bed plants with short internodal distances and shrub-like appearance. One of the main attractions of the índica varieties is that they are very suitable for indoor cultivation, as it saves space, as well as for outdoor cultivation, because they are easier to hide.

marijuana type indicates

marijuana type indicates

They are plants with strong stems and dark green leaves with broad leaflets. The flowers of the índica varieties are more compact and generally more resinous than those of the sativa varieties, but this also makes them more prone to mold and rot.

The flowering cycle of the índica varieties is shorter than that of sativa and ranges from 8-10 weeks.

The effect is relaxing and narcotic, mainly physical, very used to combat body aches and pains.

The flavors of these varieties, as in the sativas, are very different from each other and we can find everything from earthy and woody to sweet, fruity and exotic.


Cannabis Rudelaris is native specie from Siberia, parts of northern U. S. A. and Canada. It is a wild plant of low bearing with a very low THC index.

type of variety rudelaris

type of variety rudelaris

The peculiarity of this variety is that it is independent of the photoperiod and blooms by maturity. After a few weeks the Cannabis Rudelaris goes into the flowering phase automatically.

At present, cannabis rudelaris is used to create autoflowering strains, which are the result of crossing índica or sativa with this specie.

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